History of Chandigarh - The City Beautiful
is A city, A union territory and capital of two states rich states
namely Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh city got its name from the famous
Chandi Mandir which is situated nearby just 15km away from the city.
‘Chandi’ the Goddess of Power and ‘Garh’ means place, and both the words
unite to make a Beautiful name of a Beautiful City 'Chandigarh'. City
is mainly famous as being the happiest and the cleanest city of India as
claimed and published by various surveys conducted in recent years.
This city is a beautiful mixture of natural beauty, a rich architecture
and heritage. Clean roads and greenery are the most attractive features
of Chandigarh that add to its beauty.
If we talk about the city then there are numerous things to talk about but in this post we are going to discuss about Chandigarh’s History, Here we have some interesting facts to share with you. Keep on reading if you are interested in knowing more about this beautiful city and some interesting facts about the City Beautiful.
Interesting Facts from the History of Chandigarh
Back In 1947, after the partition of India and Pakistan, Lahore the capital of Punjab that time went to Pakistan so, Punjab in India needed a new capital for itself. Hence a new city 'Chandigarh' was proposed after a survey by Jawaharlal Nehru. He wanted to plan a city with new strategies to serve the purpose of capital. These are some facts which might don’t know and you should know them
Who Invented Chandigarh?
Many people are curious to know about who is the founder of Chandigarh. However, the idea of a new city was proposed in by then and India's 1st Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. But the person who worked on his idea and planned this beautiful city was a French Architect ‘Le Corbusier’. Construction of the city began after the Independence in the early 1950s took almost 10 years and was completed in the late 1960s. Le Corbusier worked dedicatedly from 1951 till his death in 1965 for the construction of this city after that M.N. Sharma took over the charges to develop this city.
When and by whom was Chandigarh City Inaugurated?
Chandigarh city also known as the City Beautiful was inaugurated on 7th October 1953 by India's first President Rajendra Prasad. It was then placed out of the administrative control of both Haryana and Punjab and under the direct charge of the Central Government as a Union Territory of India.
How Many Sectors are there in Chandigarh?
Initially, the City Beautiful was divided into a grid of 30 sectors in the Phase-l plan while the Phase-ll layout included Sectors 31 to 47. Each sector of the city is designed with its own shopping area, academic space, health care buildings, community centers and place of worship. Each sector also has its own open parking space, parks and residential area.
Why is Chandigarh the Capital of Two States?
In 1966, a new state was formed named Haryana, in some Hindi-speaking parts of Punjab. Somehow, Chandigarh remained the capital of this new state and still, it is today. Chandigarh city serves as the capital 2 major states i.e both Punjab and Haryana. However, there is always a demand from Punjab to include Chandigarh in Punjab and assign a different city as the capital of Haryana. Therefore, to avoid any controversy or conflict, the city has been given the status of Union territory of India.
What is Chandigarh Famous For?
Chandigarh is quite popular for numerous things. It is not just famous for its beauty but also for its great scenic attractions. Fascinating gardens, classic and remarkable architecture keep this city lively. It is one of the first Indian cities which was planned well before its construction which has French architecture. There are some exciting places where you can spend quality time with your family or partner too. It is one of the best tourist places in North India where not only Indians but foreign tourists love to spend their vacations. Apart from scenic views as it is in the foothills of the Himalayas, it has quite comfortable hotels where you can plan your stay. Chandigarh is also famous for its exciting restaurants too where you can enjoy food.
We are mentioning some top things for which Chandigarh is famous –
You can find impressive architecture throughout the city. Open and Monument, Tower of Shadows are some examples.
Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake
The rock garden is a unique heritage site of Chandigarh. Constructed by Nek Chand in 1957 with recycling urban and industrial waste. Just near it, there is a beautiful water body known as Sukhna Lake which is a well-known picnic spot.
Clean Roads and Locality
This city is also one of the cleanest cities of India. The sanity of the city is maintained by proper disposal of waste in every part of it.
Greenery and Parks in Chandigarh
There is a lot of green space in the city. While counting there are almost around 18 parks in Chandigarh that are perfect places for the children to spend their weekends or even evenings too. Trees on the sides of roads make it look more beautiful and also reduce the pollution caused by automobiles.
Wealthy City of India
Chandigarh is one of the wealthiest, happiest and cleanest cities in India. It is known for its rapid growth in the IT sector thanks to the big IT PARK and economy that has contributed to its prestige as a rich city.
Shopping Options in Chandigarh
Chandigarh is the best place for shopaholics. World-class brands are present in the city, places like Elante Mall, Sector 17 shopping complex, are best for buying branded items. stuff. If you are a lover of street picks, the Shastri Market sector 22, Palika Bazar, Sector 19 and many more. Moreover, there are some small shops in every sector to buy basic items.
This city is proud of its incredible educational opportunities. Many well-established schools and colleges including Punjab University, a vocational training center in sector 26, PGIMER CHD, GMCH 32 are some of the places that provide the best education to students of Punjab, Haryana and neighboring states.
There are many other things and places which you can experience in only Chandigarh. You need to visit this city at least once to experience its atmosphere and different types of vibes. Rich heritage and history are also some of the existing components of Chandigarh.